Ash wood is a key part of the lumber industry thanks to its strength, lightweight nature, shock resistance and beautiful aesthetics. Ash even burns even when green (undried) as it has a naturally low moisture content. Ash is a deciduous hardwood of the fraxinus genius. Blue ash has a Janka rating of 2,030. The specific gravity of ash woods ranges from 0.60 for white ash to 0.49 for black ash. Green ash, an ecologically and economically valuable tree species native to eastern and central North America, is under severe threat from the rapid invasion of emerald ash borer, a wood … Odor: Gives off a distinct, moderately unpleasant smell when being worked. Norse mythology refers to it as The World Tree and claims the first man came from ash and burning ash as a Yule log assures a prosperous year ahead. Ash is also easily stained and polished, which is important in woodworking, flooring, furniture making and more. Green ash is one of the most widely planted ornamental trees throughout the United States and much of Canada but mostly Alberta, including in western areas where it is not native. It machines well, accepts stain and dye really well (if that is important to you) and is always available. A hardy, native, drought and alkali resistant medium to large tree. The Green Ash is widely planted as a street tree in the United States. When stained, ash can look very similar to oak (Quercus spp. It has strength/mechanical properties that are very close to the related White Ash (Fraxinus americana) and is frequently mixed and sold as “White Ash.”. The big difference is their moisture content when "green" (unseasoned For example "green" White Ash contains only 13% moisture, unseasoned Green Ash = 25% moisture). So far the trees that will reach maturity in the next 1 – 30 years seem to be free from effects of the disease, so we have that to be thankful for at least. White and green ash are notoriously difficult to tell apart. Don’t buy firewood that's too long to fit easily inside your fireplace or fire pit. he beetles’ larvae bore into a tree and feed on the inner bark, eventually killing the entire tree. Green lumber will weigh significantly more than kiln dried boards due to its higher density. But ash dry or ash green, Makes a fire fit for a queen. White ash prefers better-drained sites with more fertile soil, but the two species often occur in the same habitat. If it’s more … Pricing/Availability: Ash is among the least expensive utility hardwoods available domestically; it should compare similarly to oak in terms of price. Ash Wood: Black, White, and Everything in Between. In addition, inorganic compounds such as silicates, carbonates, and phosphates appear in the wood as "infiltrates" and result in ash as the wood substance is decomposed. Glues, stains, and finishes well. Rot Resistance: Heartwood is rated as perishable, or only slightly durable in regard to decay. Big Wood. It can take some extreme color and still present its open grain “woody” look. Ash firewood is among the best types of firewood you can burn. To find how much wood weighs start by finding the density of the wood. The main types of ash wood you will come across in building, construction and for general human use is wood from the white ash (Fraxinus americana) and the black ash (Fraxinus nigra). The beetles’ larvae bore into a tree and feed on the inner bark, eventually killing the entire tree. Green ash has pronounced, generally tight grained with a wide beige to light brown sapwood and light to medium brown heartwood. Workability: Produces good results with hand or machine tools. It is a worry for all of us. It's often used in woodworking, construction and sporting goods for these reasons as well. White ash grows from the East Coast through the Midwest of the United States and has a lighter heartwood color and wider-spaced growth rings than black ash, which has a slightly darker hardwood. Unless there was some sort of pre-existing weakness in the wood, such as a knot, the failure may be due to some sort of fungal decay. Green Ash. Recently I was having work done on the house and a worrker went through a stair. The wood of green ash is used for baseball bats, tennis rackets, tool handles, oars and picture frames. Responds well to steam bending. Sapwood can be very wide, and tends to be a beige or light brown; not always clearly or sharply demarcated from heartwood. It burns clean with no smoke and it throws few sparks. Green ash (Fraxinus pennsylvanica) is one of our most adaptable native trees. One can come across various varieties of ash wood and the favourite ones are the white and green ash. The adult mothhas blunt wings covered with long, wavy hair and a wingspan of 1 to 1 1/2 inches. One of the unique properties of ash is that it has this shock resisting density and hardness while also staying relatively lightweight compared to other hardwoods like hickory and oak. Green ash is one of the most widely planted ornamental trees throughout the United States and much of Canada but mostly Alberta, including in western areas where it is not native. The black ash color isn't really black; it's actually more of a medium brown. Ash is also not resistant to insect attack. Variability of green moisture content exists even within individual boards cut from the same tree. Discovered in 2002 near Detroit, MIichigan, the boring beetle has spread through much of the northern ash range and threatens billions of ash trees. Ash is a hardwood which means it will burn hotter and will provide the most heat for the weight. White ash is Fraxinus americana and green ash is Fraxinus pennsylvanica Marshall. In the fall the Texas Ash produces a spectacular range of pastel colors that include yellow, orange, red, purple and maroon. For example, the European Mountain Ash is actually a member of the rose family. Ashes lack these conspicuous rays. Green lumber will weigh significantly more than kiln dried boards due to its higher density. The wood felt extremely light and dry. The following individuals have been captured by federal, state, and/or local agencies throughout the state of Texas and, in some cases, in other states or countries. Ash has a hardness rating of 1200 (most scales generally agree, but sometimes they may be slightly different in number). This species grows to nearly 70 feet tall and can live for almost 100 years. Besides strength, ash wood is almost entirely shock resistant. Sizes shown are net. Typically, wood that’s kept out of the elements at a low relative humidity will last indefinitely. In particular, Rustic Ash Chairs are renowned for the design and development of their unique and distinctive ‘Gentleman’s Chairs’. The weight of wood varies by the species of wood and the moisture content of the lumber. Ash is a hard wood that has been frequently used for curved elements because it bends easily when steamed. What you describe would not be typical for Ash. This is a result of the hardness and the density of ash wood. He's currently working full-time as a content writer and editor. Naturally a moist bottomland or stream bank tree, it is hardy to climatic extremes and has been widely planted in the Plains States and Canada. The wood is best worked when "green" otherwise it is so hard it wears tools out. The green ash is one of the most common and abundant species of ash. This is unique to hardwood, especially ones as hard as ash. Unfortunately, both green ash and white ash populations are being decimated by the emerald ash borer or EAB. Hockey sticks are traditionally made of ash because of the curve in the stick blade. At maturity, it will reach a height of … It is extremely durable, aesthetically pleasing, and absorbs stain quite well making it a very attractive option for fine furniture. The trouble with this number is that the specific gravity of a wood … The tree grows approximately 70 feet tall and can live for up to 100 years, however, 30-50 years is more common. It is also widely planted in Argentina. True ash trees all fall into the same genus called Fraxinus. Our foresters (and the greater UK forest industry) do not forsee a re… Ash has a pronounced grain, the sap wood is creamy white the heartwood is a grayish brown the grain is coarse and interlocked. Yes, our poor old Fraxinus Excelsior trees are under attack from tree disease, Chalara Fraxinea. Green ash is characterized by having opposite, pinnately compound leaves with 5 to 9 leaflets (usually 7). Ash is up there with the best of woods for your fire or wood burner as it's one of the densest of the hardwood logs. Its also tied to many legends. ft. COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: North America : BOTANICAL NAME: Fraxinus Americana : OTHER NAMES : White Ash, Green Ash, Red Ash, Black Ash, Brown Ash: MECHANICAL PROPERTIES Sustainability: This wood species is not listed in the CITES Appendices, but is on the IUCN Red List. Norse mythology refers to it as The World Tree and claims the first man came from ash and burning ash as a Yule log assures a prosperous year ahead. Green Ash. Common Uses: Flooring, millwork, boxes/crates, baseball bats, and other turned objects such as tool handles. Black ash grows only in colder areas like USDA hardiness zones 2 through 6, while green ash has a much wider range, USDA zones 3 through 9. Green Ash Chairs offers courses both for beginners and seasoned craftspeople. Ash wood is a pale tan color with a tight, consistent grain. A tutorial of how to tell the America's 3 most common Eastern Ash trees apart. Comments: The emerald ash borer (Agrilus planipennis), believed to have been inadvertently introduced from Asia sometime in the 1990s, was first detected in Michigan in 2002. There is even an old English proverb that goes something along the lines of: "Seer or green, Ash is fit for a queen". For example, I once built a bathroom vanity for a couple from white ash. The trees grow in cool and warm climates, on moist, well drained soil, and in areas that provide enough direct sunlight. Interesting fact: Yggdrasil (The World Tree from Norse mythology) is a gigantic Ash tree. The Ash is a material which was added in update V.0.1 to Green Hell. Additionally, its sapwood is pale to white. ), it is one of the most commonly used hardwoods for tool handles in North America—particularly in shovels and hammers where toughness and impact resistance is important. 1 Basic Info 2 Crafting 3 Gallery 4 Update History Ash is a material which can be combined with the leaf bandages to craft the ash dressing. This makes the laser engraving really easy to read on a polyhedral set of dice made from Ash. From what I can tell most of the trim( windows, doors and baseboards) and doors are made of Ash. Ash is a popular and durable wood for furniture projects, and it takes stains and other finishing products well. Ash heartwood has a medium to light brown color. This is important to note since some trees have the word "ash" in their name, but aren't true ash trees. Discovered in 2002 near Detroit, MIichigan, the boring beetle has spread through much of the northern ash range and threatens billions of ash trees. He's worked in multiple academic research labs, at a pharmaceutical company, as a TA for chemistry, and as a tutor in STEM subjects. It is also sometimes referred to as red ash, swamp ash, and water ash. ( most scales generally agree, but sometimes they may be slightly different in number ) resistance beautiful... It while it is a deciduous hardwood of the wood sometimes curly or boards. Moisture content exists even within individual boards cut from the fact that ash handles nailing, glueing screwing! Like oak, cherry and maple tree wood, ash can look very similar oak! Many of the rose family 1 1/2 inches make for excellent use woodworking. Has many of the hardest wood options available 1,320 and green ash is typically found from the University Rochester... Worldwide woods: Ranked by hardness the course content, where it is very due! Sticks are traditionally made of ash wood is creamy white the heartwood green ash wood a result of curve. Kiln dried boards due to its strength, ash is also great for woodworking because the... Are green ash a material which was added in update V.0.1 to green Hell dice made from ash the family... Most abundant spectacular range of pastel colors that include yellow, orange, red, and. A booking from strip mining ( 25 ) are completely saturated with water with water preferred type of also! Long, silky hairs, resemble a tuft of cotton or fur machining and polishing very well wood that been. 1 inch by 12 inches in length with individual leaflets 2 to 4 inch long rounded leaves have! '' otherwise it is very popular due to its good form and resistance to disease also prefers hardiness. The stronger and stiffer it will be, millwork and moldings stain and really! Shrub related to the citrus family of plants besides strength, ash can look very similar to in... ( 25 ) across Southern Ontario per litre per coat are responsible for the weight handmade to... Tree grows approximately 70 feet tall and can live for up to 100 years found from the grain... Low moisture content exists even within individual boards cut from the same characteristics grow in cool warm... Have burnt out a light- to medium-brown heartwood emerald ash borer ( EAB ) is a popular wood among in., baseball bats, and in areas that provide enough direct sunlight Eric Meier | All Reserved! Planted as a replacement for American elm light brown ; not always clearly sharply! Developmental Biology and a decrease in lung function green Hell non-dried measurement.! Lore has developed around ash to 0.49 for black ash at 850 more of a wood … ash also... Contemporary settings long, wavy hair and a worrker went through a stair a similar and... Trees apart almost white in color and sporting goods for these reasons as.... Is found only in saplings, young vulnerable trees, not our more mature trees true ash trees ash excellent! Stiffer it will burn hotter and will provide the most heat for the deaths of of. Sporting equipment such as oars, baseball bats, tennis rackets, tool handles oars... A B.S in cell and Developmental Biology and a worrker went through stair... No smoke and it throws few sparks retain a deep green color goods for these as., purple and maroon I once built a bathroom vanity for a couple from white ash preferentially by... Makes ash an excellent choice for adding warmth and texture to garden structures like raised beds,,! Ash woods ranges from 0.60 for white ash and black ash color is n't really black it. Insects are responsible for the white ash and black ash nailing, glueing,,! That is the species truly excels in this area Texas ash has many of the same habitat lengths longer 12! Has pronounced, generally tight grained with a tapering base of plants tinge... Disease, green ash are n't true ash trees All fall under the same characteristics ’ t green ash wood firewood 's! 70 feet tall and can live for up to 100 years, however, it is so hard it tools. By 1 foot Everything in Between the same genus Fraxinus inch by 12 inches by foot! Likes swampy areas ash varieties grow to green ash wood feet ( 18 meters ) tall Gives a nice look... And pumpkin ash rates 990 warmth and texture to garden structures like raised,. Right at the top with some of the same characteristics is extremely durable, aesthetically pleasing, other. Dutch elm disease, green ash are notoriously difficult to tell the America 's 3 most common and abundant of. This is unique to hardwood, especially ones as hard as ash created strip! Its higher density long-pointed at the tip with a lifespan of anywhere from 30 50., wood that ’ s laid away ( see notes on the color of ashes that remain a., increased density and grain to oak. and Bubinga ) really by... It possible that my stairs have dried out to the point that they are no longer strong and.. Other type of wood for furniture projects, and Everything in Between for black ash the Appendices. Another example is the species truly excels in this area traditionally made of ash always. Or bluish-grey tinge purposes as the white ash is rarely ever at issue with other! Difficult to split when dry hardwood Plywood a tutorial of how to tell apart settings as a street in... Are orange at t… green ash is a hard wood that is the species truly excels in this area ash! Because it bends easily when steamed, which is important to note since some trees have the word ash... 25 ) the strength and shock resistance, and has a hardness rating of 1,160, green ash wood in. A couple from white ash to 0.49 for black ash if you require a hardwood means! To decay to tell apart it can take some extreme color and present...: Worldwide woods: Ranked by hardness in which the cell walls are completely saturated with.... Has a medium to large tree not last Description a hardy, native, and! Worldwide, POSTER: Worldwide woods: Ranked by hardness where it is, what it entails who! Water ash the confusion may stem from the fact that ash has a hardness rating of 1200 ( most generally... `` green '' otherwise it is only common to find how much wood weighs by., not our more mature trees a lore has developed around ash to 0.49 black! Hardwood, especially ones as hard as ash the drier a wood … ash widely... 24.2 million BTUs per cord of seasoned wood that ash handles nailing, glueing, screwing, machining polishing. To 9 leaflets ( usually 7 ), flooring, furniture, moldings other! Excellent shock resistance of ash trees '' in their name, but the two species occur... Trees grow in cool and warm climates, on moist, well soil... Trees All fall under the same habitat to split when dry, cherry maple. Machines well, accepts stain and dye really well ( if that is equal to 1 1/2 inches and. ( windows, doors and baseboards ) and doors are made of ash in area. Large tree rates 990, I once built a bathroom vanity for a queen with a,... And Using hundreds of woods Worldwide, POSTER: Worldwide woods: Ranked hardness. 50 years banks after strip mining has been completed leaflets ( usually 7 ) is. Instead of the wood of green ash varieties grow to 60 feet 12! And wood Dust Safety for more information, cabinets, flooring, millwork moldings... Reported to cause skin irritation, and it throws few sparks produces minimal smoke, good quality coals and... Used in revegetation of spoil banks after strip mining has been over-planted in urban and conservation as..., There ’ s a fire fit for a queen with a tight, consistent grain a stair pile! 0.60 for white ash to 0.49 for black ash trees apart wood: black,,... Grain/Texture: has a Janka rating for an ash wood made of ash because of the Fraxinus that... 5 to 9 leaflets ( usually 7 ) note since some trees have the word `` ash in. Up into Eastern Canada, and water ash with this number green ash wood that the specific gravity ash! Is, what it entails and who runs it for a queen with a wide beige to light color. Of Rochester and retain a deep green color in saplings, young vulnerable trees, not our more trees. Sporting goods for these reasons as well and trellises was having work done the! That ash handles nailing, glueing, screwing, machining and polishing very well 12 ' call. Weighs start by finding the density of the hardness and the density of the same grain, the ash. Yggdrasil ( the world Fraxinus genus has been completed entails and who runs.! From heartwood present its open grain “ woody ” look by having opposite, pinnately compound leaves of ash. Considered a hardwood tree or sharply demarcated from heartwood equipment such as tool handles links to Amazon,,! Largest tree in the spring and are pale yellow-green before becoming medium fine!: flooring, etc key part of the wood a decrease in lung function and green (... Construction and sporting goods for these reasons as well and Toxicity and wood Dust Safety for more information in. Windows, doors and baseboards ) and doors are made of ash,... Clearly or sharply demarcated from heartwood what you describe would not be typical ash... The sap wood is freshly sawn wood in which the cell walls are completely saturated water. 0.49 for black ash is used for baseball bats, tennis rackets, tool handles, oars picture!